"One of the most damaging features of the criminal justice experience for women is the prison, an institution that will just not go away not matter how much the damage it causes is demonstrated to governments and policy makers. For some (and they are but a fraction of imprisoned populations), locking up may be necessary for the security of the rest of the society. For women (and other vulnerable groups), it is a severe punishment that needs a hard second look. The wounds are more often than not invisible and therefore insignificant. The NGOs that have worked in women's prisons in South Asia are struck by the general indifference of the official machinery to the mental state of those who stay within walls and behind closed doors for months and years and come out worse than when they went in. The recommendation for Counselling Units in prisons (especially women's prisons) seemed an obvious response even as it was not an answer to a wider question of alternatives."
(Sage – In Conflict and Custody: Therapeutic counselling for women by Rani Dhavan Shankardass, p. 162)