"Vietnam has conducted radical renovation in the forestry sector since 1990 by involving local people in forest management. Households and village communities have been increasingly recognised as important stakeholders in national forestry policies. Most of these policies have been towards allocating land and forests to households for forestry-related purposes. Allocation is the process by which a household or group of households receive 50-year-use and management rights over a specified area of barren land for reforestation (plantation), or natural forest for management and protection. The ownership rights are contained in an allocation document called the Red Book."
"In the central Vietnamese province of Thua Thien Hue, forests have been under state control since the reunification of the country in 1975. State control and management of forests was executed through State Forest Enterprises (SFE), which logged forests and were charged with forest 'protection' from degradation, particularly unauthorised logging. Forst protection duties have also been shared with the Forest Protection Department (FPD)."
"Starting with Program 327 (1992), however, local households were involved with SFEs in joint-plantation programs that provided a benefit-sharing mechanism..."
(Ed: Edward L. Webb and Ganesh P. Shivakoti in 'Decentralization, Forests and Rural Communities: Policy outcomes in South and Southeast Asia,' p. 269 Sage)
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