Saturday, February 28, 2009
"Exploring markets is like opening many a Pandora's box. You can never be sure about what you can stumble upon from a valuable antiquity to a modern masterpiece of craftsmanship. The 'kinds' of markets and shops are many many and very different from one another, which makes shopping in Delhi, a cultural experience, equal in pleasure to visiting a great historical edifice."
(Malvika Singh in 'Delhi: India in one city,' p. 152 Academic)
Friday, February 27, 2009
(Ananya Vajpeyi in 'Resenting the Indian State: For a new political practice in the Northeast,' included in 'Beyond Counter-insurgency: Breaking the impasse in Northeast India,' edited by Sanjib Baruah, p. 46 OUP)
Thursday, February 26, 2009
"Picture this: there is a bus waiting to receive us at the airport. It is extremely hot and humid and the hotel is a good hour and a half's drive away. The bus isn't air-conditioned and is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. We are hungry but the mosquitoes are hungrier and luckier than us: they feast on our bare arms."
"There are no porters to help us load our luggage, which is obviously very heavy, and we do it on our own. If this is an exercise in building team spirit, helping each other carry one's kitbags and 'coffin boxes' (a box some of us use instead of a kitbag), it is something we can do without. There are better ways to foster team spirit. One can easily pick up an injury by pulling a back or shoulder muscle while lifting heavy suitcases and coffins..."
"We're booked into the Sea Green Hotel on Marine Drive. You can't really ask for a better address in terms of where to stay in Mumbai and the Town area, but you have to visit the hotel to see how shabby it is. The hotel staff sport green uniforms, which make you feel like you've come to a weird kind of hospital..."
(Aakash Chopra in 'Beyond the Blues: A cricket season like no other,' p. 51 Harper)
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
"There was a time when the notion of nationalism was synonymous with the idea of protection but not so any more. The consumer will rebel against it. Some time back in America, a campaign was started against Japanese goods and the slogan was 'Be American, Buy American.' This was similar to what was being said in India, that is, 'Be Indian, Buy Indian.' But, within a week the American people rebelled against that message. They rejected those slogans which implored Americans to buy only American goods. They argued that they were not prepared to pay for the inefficiency of General Motors or Ford Motor or a US television company. If the Japanese television is better than theirs, if it is less costly, if it is more efficient, they will go for it. Their logic was that they were working, and so were their spouses, sometimes day and night or double shifts, they were doing so not to pay for the inefficiency of American businessman but to lead a better life themselves. That is the thinking in almost all the countries today including India. One may be looking for the lights and bulbs for Diwali which are Indian but when one finds the Chinese bulbs better, brighter and cheaper, one will buy the Chinese products. Thus, in this era of competition, new walls cannot be raised against products produced abroad."
(Abid Hussain in 'Knowledge, Science and Technology,' an essay in 'Knowledge Economy: The Indian challenge,' edited by Ashoka Chandra and M. K. Khanijo, p. 109 Sage)
Tuesday, February 24, 2009
By looking at the frequency table in the problem, it can be said that majority of the Muslim respondents are in favour of Gudiya returning to Arif while majority of the Christian respondents are in favour of Gudiya being allowed to decide on her own as to who she wants to be with. Note that while chi-square analysis helps in inferring about the association between 2 categorical variables, it does not tell anything about which cell(s) in the contingency table contribut more to the significant association between 'religious affiliation' and 'responses favoured.' This can be found out by performing the Haberman's Post-Hoc analysis..."
(D. Israel in 'Data Analysis in Business Research: A step-by-step nonparametric approach,' p. 20, Sage)
Monday, February 23, 2009
2. Dealing with communication from others
3. Communicating to others
4. Your boss micromanaging or undervaluing you
5. Worktools and processes designed for company success, but not necessarily yours
(Your own list may switch their order. The list for very senior executives is obviously different.)
These five are more than petty annoyances. Consistently, I have found that the top three time-wasters - all activities relating to communication - cost people at least two wasted hours per day! Non-replaceable hours, gone... Even more important than the list is what interviewees said would fix most of these problems. In hindsight, their two biggest responses were:
* 'I should have pushed back harder, or said 'no' more often.'
* 'I should have questioned more. Or had better conversations with my boss.'"
(Bill Jensen in 'The Simplicity Survival Handbook: 32 ways to do less and accomplish more,' p. 103 Viva)
Sunday, February 22, 2009
"At the sharp end of this frantic drive for cost-cutting are the weakest actors in the supply chain -- casual workers. Employees interviewed in Bangladesh's proliferating garment factories work a seven-day week, often putting in 15 hours a day or more. In a busy month, workers carry on through the night before snatching a couple of hours' sleep on the factory floor. If a worker puts in over 100 hours overtime a month on top of her normal 63-hour week, she gets a bonus, which brings her monthly earnings to barely $60."
"A similar situation applies on export farms. According to one South African apple farmer, 'We employ people as we need them, but you need to break their expectation of having a permanent position, so you hire for two to three weeks and then you let them off for a few weeks, and then you hire them again.'"...
"In the filthy casualty ward of a Bangladeshi hospital, two doctors are bent over a prone figure in the light of a single bulb. The woman on the bed is Minara, a sewing machine operator at one of Bangladesh's 2700 garment factories, whose workers have just joined a Bangladeshi garment workers' union. She was rushed to hospital an hour ago with deep cuts to her neck, face, and hands after a razor attack by two mastaans, thugs hired by the factory owner. Her sister is semi-hysterical, weeping that Minara will now be scarred, and will be thrown out by her husband."
"Once the standard recourse for workers in their struggle to claim their rights, trade unions have suffered serious setbacks since the 1980s. Approximately 90 per cent of the world labour force is unorganised, and union membership is declining in direct proportion to the growth of the informal economy..."
"Even in the formal economy, the task of trade unions has been made a good deal harder by changes to labour legislation in recent decades, including the ban on union organisation in many export processing zones. Worker organisations continue to face repression and violence; union leaders around the world confront harassment, rape, and death. Two countries in every five have serious or severe restrictions on the core right to freedom of association."
(Duncan Green in 'From Poverty to Power: How active citizens and effective states can change the world,' p. 157 Academic Foundation)
Saturday, February 21, 2009
"Litigation in the court was accompanied by public protests from time to time. The partly raised compound wall was also demolished during one such protest. In January 1995, a bus load of visitors including foreigners were brought to the site by the company. A crowd of irate villagers blocked the road. Matters took a violent turn, police opened fire and one person was killed. The Du Pont company decided to withdraw from the area and did not pursue the project. Here was a case when a legal interpretation of a panchayat licensing powers was sought but the dispute was resolved by extra legal measures."
(K. C. Sivaramakrishnan in 'Courts, Panchayats and Nagarpalikas: Background and review of the case law,' p. 259 Academic Foundation)
Friday, February 20, 2009
"ZH: Basically, I did not start as a student of my father. What happens normally in India, especially in the music houses, is that you grow up as a child watching everybody practise, hearing everybody play, and somewhere along the line somebody shows you something and you play on it. Then another student says, 'Now try it like this'. So you're really just part of the group, and the group just gives you a tip or two here and there as a child, so that by the time you're six or seven you already have the basic knowledge before the main maestro even looks at you."
"My father didn't want to pressure me into learning in any way. He did not force himself on me. He just let me hang around his students and whoever was practising and playing, so that by the time I was seven years old, I had already started playing a little bit, in school functions and things like that. that's when he first heard me, and then he decided that now I looked like I was serious about it. He asked me, and I said that I was, and that's when he started teaching me. So my training actually began after I had already started playing and I was already seven years old. For the next five or six years I learned from him on a very regular basis, going from about three in the morning to about six or seven in the morning. My training began where he would actually teach me vocally. He would sing, and I would sing rhythms with him back and forth through the night, and after doing that for two or three hours with him, I would go to school, then come back and practise what I had learned with him through the night. That was really the time when I had very concentrated study with him."
"I would go to concerts with him constantly, sit right behind him on the stage, and watch him. I would make sure that I remembered whatever it was he was playing and try to duplicate it the next day and hope that he would hear it and try to correct it. So, that's how the teaching went on. I would do tours with him and play concerts with him, and during those travels he would talk about drumming with me, and the training went on. And even now that he is no longer in this world, I am still learning from his tapes."
(Peter Lavezzoli in 'Bhairavi: The global impact of Indian music,' p. 142 Harper)
Thursday, February 19, 2009
"Is there more wine in the water glass, or more water in the wine glass?"
(Ravi Vakil in 'A Mathematical Mosaic: Patterns & problem solving,' p. 53 Westland)
Wednesday, February 18, 2009
"How much desire is there to standardise practice? Are those who purport to be interested in setting standards driven to further the profession and to improve the service to users or are they seeking personal advantage in an ambiguous market place? There is a parallel with the World Boxing Federation - are we seeking to create a unified belt, to win the inter-professional competition for influence, to regulate out deviants or to improve standards?" ...
"A paradoxical question is: do standards raise standards?"
"A related issue is whether the requirement in some standards' frameworks for 'flying hours' (or number of hours of practice) as a criterion is an example of 'misplaced concreteness'."
"If you decide to follow the standards route, then a pragmatic question is: do you accredit the programme or the individuals or both?"
(Robert Garvey, Paul Stokes and David Megginson in 'Coaching and Mentoring: Theory and practice,' p. 192 Sage)
Tuesday, February 17, 2009
"The terms 'black', 'Latino' and 'Asian' are inadequate for interpreting the complexity of racial identity in the US, and even worse is the false impression that race is a matter of the colour of one's skin: yellow, black or brown. Although native-born African-Americans are by far the largest 'black' ethnic group, there are increasing numbers of Caribbean, African and Latin American immigrants who also identify themselves as 'black'. 'Latino' likewise covers an extremely broad number of ethnic groups. Unlike the US, which has a majority population of European descent designated 'white', most Latin American and Caribbean countries have majority non-white populations (mestizos and mulattos), leading white elites in those countries to de-emphasise race in politics."
(Ed. Jonathan S. Davies and David L. Imbroscio in 'Theories of Urban Politics,' 2 e, p. 195 Sage)
Monday, February 16, 2009
(Angela McRobbie in 'The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, culture and social change,' p. 84 Sage)
Sunday, February 15, 2009
"There are several responses to these arguments. First, the concept of freedom is much larger than its measure, howsoever sophisticated. This is also true of human development and of more narrow economic notions, such as income or liquidity or competition. It is, thus, important to remember that there is always a distance between the concept and the measure of freedom. Secondly, it should be remembered that freedom is a latent variable. There are no directly observable instances of freedom; from much qualitative and some quantitative data, we have to make inferences about freedom indirectly. Most typically, we observe the violations of human rights (as indicators of freedom) more often than positive exercise of freedom. Thus evidence of torture, of denial of free elections are more likely to be helpful in detecting the absence of freedom than any positive signs of its exercise. Thirdly, it has to be said that we accept readily today measures of phenomena previously thought unmeasurable; heat is one instance, which until the efforts of Celsius was thought to be unmeasurable. Sound, light, the genetic structure of DNA are other examples. To measure sound waves is not the same as to measure music, but sound waves and music are related."
(Ed. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and A. K. Shiva Kumar in 'Handbook of Human Development: Concepts, measures, and policies,' p. 190 OUP)
Saturday, February 14, 2009
(T. K. Bhaumik in 'Old China's New Economy: The conquest by a billion paupers,' p. 165 Sage)
Friday, February 13, 2009
"Dhavan (1980) rightly argues that the vast jurisdiction (including original, writ, final appellate, and advisory) of the Supreme Court is responsible for the overloaded docket. The jurisdiction increased over the years because the legislature transferred more functions to the court. For instance, the court has jurisdiction over civil service dismissals and promotions, tax issues, election disputes, industrial and labour disputes, among others... One report estimates that 24 million cases are pending in different courts, some (mainly property disputes) languishing since 1950, with high courts producing the biggest bottlenecks."
(Shylashri Shankar in 'Scaling Justice: India's Supreme Court, Anti-Terror Laws, and Social Rights,' p. 55 OUP)
Thursday, February 12, 2009
"Ankleshwaria: Maybe I am afraid of old age and the loneliness that it brings in its wake. But what choice do I have? Loneliness is a more affordable price to pay than adjusting with someone whom you've invited to your house to permanently live with you. Ideally, everyone would like to have a lover of his choice with whom he sets up home and lives happily ever after, till death does him or her apart, so to speak. But in reality it doesn't happen that way, does it? There is also the other side, which is that we in India tend to make too much about loneliness. In the West, many people live by themselves and do not complain. I dislike wallowing in self-pity just because I live alone. Solitude, which is positive, as opposed to loneliness, which is negative, has its uses, especially for an artist. One can think and work better. One's vocal cords are not overly taxed because there's no one in the house to talk to. This is of tremendous importance to a singer. The thing about relationships especially in India is that they deprive the partners concerned of personal space, which is so important for peace of mind. In that sense, I think I'm much better off, because I can live and do as I please. That is why, over the years, I have come to see myself, not as lonely, but as solitary. And I love my solitude. And again, what gives you the impression that I do not have good friends who are willing to stand by me, come what may. They may not live with me under the same roof, but they're always there for me, and they ensure that I never think of myself as lonely."
(Ed. R. Raj Rao and Dibyajyoti Sarma in 'Whistling in the Dark: Twenty-one queer interviews,' p. 201 Sage)
Wednesday, February 11, 2009
"Though the economy, even today, is based on self-sufficiency, due to the logic of the developmental process, population growth and the rise of consumerism, the trade and commerce has slowly come under the control of non-Manipuris, (the Mayangs). The present day educated youths do not want to continue with the occupation of their forefathers. There are very few jobs available with the security of a 'government job'. Corruption is rampant, with each public post available at a price tag. It is in this context that Manipur is witnessing an increase in insurgency movements. The problems of unemployment, corruption, lack of infrastructure facilities, bankruptcy of political leadership and heavy reliance on the central funds have broken the confidence of the people of this state."
(Ed B. S. Baviskar and George Mathew in 'Inclusion and Exclusion in Local governance: Field studies from rural India,' p. 292 Sage)
Tuesday, February 10, 2009
"The organization of OhmyNews is centred on an editorial office that is professionally staffed. Its 35 staff reporters are responsible for researching and writing stories on 'current, serious issues that need in-depth investigation. By contrast, citizen reporters... write various stories about their surroundings' (Kim and Hamilton). There is no necessity to train these citizen reporters, since they write from personal experience and need no special, professional skills. All contributions are edited and evaluated by the central editorial office before they are posted. Once they have been uploaded to the site, they are available for anyone to add to or comment on..."
"OhmyNews is very attractive to advertisers because a majority of its reporters and its audience come from the '386 generation', a term which not only signifies a technologically cultured generation (386 referring to a microprocessor), but in Korea also has deeper significance... The 386 generation is a generation in its thirties (the '3'), who attended college or university in the 1980s (the '8') and who were born in the 1960s (the '6'). These numbers are significant."
(Chris Atton and James F. Hamilton in 'Alternative Journalism,' p. 101 Sage)
Monday, February 9, 2009
"Both Henry Fords failed to abide by the Law of Empowerment. Rather than identifying leaders; building them up; giving them resources, authority, and responsibility; and then turning them loose to achieve, they alternately encouraged and undermined their best people. Their insecurity made it impossible for them to give power to others. Ultimately, it undermined their personal leadership potential, created havoc in the lives of the people around them, and damaged their organisation. If leaders want to be successful, they have to be willing to empower others. I like the way President Theodore Roosevelt stated it: 'The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and the self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it.'"
"To lead others well, we must help them to reach their potential. That means being on their side, encouraging them, giving them power, and helping them to succeed. That's not traditionally what we're taught about leadership."
(John C. Maxwell in 'The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership,' p. 145 Pearson)
Sunday, February 8, 2009
"We can see this process in action by comparing eating at McDonald's to eating at an expensive French restaurant. If we don't have our food three minutes after walking into McDonald's, we get impatient. However, we expect to wait at a French restaurant for 10 or 15 minutes just to be seated, even if we booked a reservation six months in advance. Expectations are often unintentionally created. When McDonald's opened drive-through windows, customers expected the service to be quicker than service inside. What McDonald's developed as a convenience for the customer created an expectation that resulted in customer frustration."
(Neale Martin in 'Habit,' p. 75 Pearson)
Saturday, February 7, 2009
(J. P. Das in 'Reading Difficulties and Dyslexia: An interpretation for teachers,' p. 53 Sage)
Friday, February 6, 2009
(Padma Lakshmi in 'Tangy Tart Hot & Sweet,' p. 134 Harper)
Thursday, February 5, 2009
(Ed. Asha Sarangi in 'Language and Politics in India,' p. 135 OUP)
Wednesday, February 4, 2009
"Essential for answering such questions is identifying the causes of the poverty-causing behaviors themselves. What makes poor people less likely to work, finish school, save, drink moderately, and obey the law than nonpoor people? And how hard are these root causes to alter through the use of the instruments of public policy? The hope is, of course, that some of these root causes will turn out to be promising targets for intervention, when the likely impact of the intervention on the behavior is factored in with the likely impact of changing the behavior itself."
(Charles Karelis in 'The Persistence of Poverty,' p. 25 OUP)
Tuesday, February 3, 2009
(Tarun J. Tejpal in 'The Story of My Assassins,' p. 229 Harper)
Monday, February 2, 2009
(Patrick Lee Plaisance in 'Media Ethics,' p. 156 Sage)
Sunday, February 1, 2009
(Patricia M. Sias in 'Organizing Relationships,' p. 106 Sage)